News: climate change and its effects on coffee crops

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Climate change has become a terrible threat to crops around the world, droughts, floods, forest fires, soil erosion, among other effects, cause millions in losses to agricultural producers and businessmen of the industry.

Clearly there is global concern for the future of the planet in the face of possible food shortages, damage to agricultural land, or unproductiveness, but how do these atmospheric changes affect coffee production?

The impact on some coffee crops can be catastrophic, since coffee is a species that is vulnerable to high temperatures. Consequently, many suitable coffee growing regions will change dramatically as temperatures rise.

What will happen to coffee crops during climate change?

There are key locations for coffee cultivation that will be affected in the next three decades, countries like Brazil, Indonesia, Vietnam and Colombia will reduce their productive capacity by 50% by the year 2050. According to the researchers, it is necessary to increase efforts to adapt to the new changes that are coming.

Coffee is the second most consumed drink in the world, the cultivation of this plant is important for millions of farmers who live from this economic activity. A study revealed that the countries with the highest production of Arabica coffee, a variety of coffee with high demand, will decrease by 50% by 2050.

At the lowest temperature peak, Brazil will reduce production by 76%, Colombia by 63%. Meanwhile, other regions will become more suitable areas for cultivation, Argentina, South Africa, China and New Zealand, among others…

Of course, these areas do not replace the yield capacity of the current large and fruitful coffee-growing territories.

“The key message for those in the main producing regions today is that farming systems need to adapt to changing conditions,” study lead author Roman Grüter of the Zurich University of Applied Sciences said in a statement. Swiss.

“If you already grow coffee in a new area where it is possible to do so with some management options, this production might be easier or expand, but this does not mean that they will be perfect coffee growing regions in 10 years or more.”

This news should be a reason for reflection for humanity, communities and companies must, right now, act to reduce negative environmental impacts and transform that forecast with a process of participatory, conscious and responsible change with the environment and the next generations.

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Malbin Rodríguez
Malbin Rodríguez