French press: how does it work?

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The French press works as a technique of extraction by immersion. First, the ground coffee is immersed in water for a certain time, then the extraction of the coffee is filtered through a metal mesh.  

The procedure allows you to control the extraction speed through several variables, like the water’s temperature, infusion time, and grinding size; fine grinding allows extraction to be done quickly and easily. The infusion time tells us how much we want to extract from the coffee. 


Fine grinding is not recommended when extracting coffee with the French press method because a mesh is used for filtering. As a result, a final drink is obtained with ground coffee because it passes through the metal mesh. The medium to coarse grinding is filtered easily with this method. 


Regarding the temperature of the water, it is recommended to boil until 90°C. Experts heat the water a little more when using lightly roasted coffee and lower the temperature when using dark roasted coffee. 


Leave the infusion between 5 and 8 minutes to get a perfect aroma. This is the ideal time for the room to become an aromatic and tempting atmosphere.

How to prepare coffee with the French press

The French press is a fast and very simple method to extract coffee. You require coffee, water, and a weighing scale.


  • Boil the water and wait 30 seconds to decrease the temperature.
  • Grind 20 gr of coffee (coarse grinding). You can also buy pre-ground coffee but check that it is coarse. 
  • Place the ground coffee in the glass of the French press.
  • Add hot water on top.
  • Mix with a spoon and make sure all the coffee is moistened.
  • Place the cap without lowering the plunger.
  • Let the mixture infuse for 5 minutes. 
  • Press the plunger to the bottom, do so carefully so as not to remove the coffee particles. 
  • Pour the coffee in the cup. 

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Malbin Rodríguez
Malbin Rodríguez